“Wisdom! cries the dawn deacon”: listening in a different key

Dear Friends
Once again, I am delaying Part 2 of “Teaching our children about climate change” because something has arisen with some urgency in my mind. The next Climate Change post will be coming tomorrow! I think, however, that this post is closely akin to the climate theme, so I merely explain, not apologize!

I have long meditated on the following passage from Isaac Penington, in which he talks about why Friends refer to the liberating Spirit of Christ as “light”:

we call him light, because the Father of lights hath peculiarly chosen this name for him, to make him known to his people in this age by, and hath thus made him manifest to us. And by thus receiving him under this name, we come to know his other names. He is the life, the righteousness, the power, the wisdom, the peace, &c., but he is all these in the light, and in the light we learn and receive them all; and they are none of them to be known in spirit, but in and by the light. Pennington Works 1: 124

Reflecting on this passage, I have been led to raise the following question:
The experience of Light is central to our spirit language, and we know that the life that is in Christ is the light of the world.But is there another manifestation of that life for our time, which is being offered to us, in the needs and troubles of our times, for insight, for comfort, for challenge, for nourishment? Not to replace “light” but something that might be particularly important and tuned to our condition now?

This is not a matter of just finding an additional ‘metaphor’ for talking about or thinking about the divine life at work. It is, rather, enriching what we listen for, where and how we listen for it, as we seek to know and (in our measure) incarnate the life of God.

What kind of thing am I looking for? Well:  “Light” is something that we have a visceral, personal, sensual experience of, and connects effortlessly and naturally with experiences like heat, fire, vision, color, clarity, and so on. Drawing power from this experiential root, “light” is also expressive of many kinds of spiritual and emotional conditions. Finally, quite aside from other cultural and historical associations, “light” is associated with the Divine Life, and with the person and work of Christ, throughout Scripture. Friends first called themselves the “Children of the Light.” What else has comparable resonances?

In pondering this, I have been led to meditate on Sophia, the Wisdom of God.

Learning from Sophia

from Proverbs:

The LORD created me at the beginning of his work, the first of his acts of old.
23 Ages ago I was set up, at the first, before the beginning of the earth.
24 When there were no depths I was brought forth, when there were no springs abounding with water.
25 Before the mountains had been shaped, before the hills, I was brought forth;
26 before he had made the earth with its fields, or the first of the dust of the world.
27 When he established the heavens, I was there, when he drew a circle on the face of the deep,
28 when he made firm the skies above, when he established the fountains of the deep,
29 when he assigned to the sea its limit, so that the waters might not transgress his command, when he marked out the foundations of the earth,
30 then I was beside him, like a master workman; and I was daily his delight, rejoicing before him always,
31 rejoicing in his inhabited world and delighting in the sons of men.
32 And now, my sons, listen to me: happy are those who keep my ways.
33 Hear instruction and be wise, and do not neglect it.
34 Happy is the man who listens to me, watching daily at my gates, waiting beside my doors.
35 For he who finds me finds life and obtains favor from the LORD;
36 but he who misses me injures himself; all who hate me love death.

Sophia. permeating the whole of creation, the delight of God, the comforter and companion of humanity, sounds a lot like Logos, the sense at the heart of the world. Indeed, it feels even more closely aligned with Christ as I have come to understand him, from the gospels, from Paul (that indispensable, irritating, mystical brother), from my own measure of experience, from you — from everything! It connects directly with the visceral, primeval experience of joy, such as children and aging children can feel in nature (and in some art): God’s creation still abounding, still at work in and through everything, delighting in us and in all. Thus it is a way to relate God’s many channels of revelation — nature (Creation), science, tradition, Scripture, personal experience— each enriching and hallowing the others.
Sophia has been often been used as a way to speak about the feminine “principle” in God, and that is an important viewpoint, because it allows many personal, human resonances. In addition, however, one can also feel Sophia/Wisdom in un-personated terms, as God’s active, energetic, creative, loving, yearning presence in His creation (including us) — God’s eros.

What are some of the lessons of Sophia that seem important for our present time?
• God loves diversity, This the astonishing, delightful, overwhelming message of life and the universe. God’s unity, embodied in Sophia, pervades and is expressed in this diversity. We love diversity, texture, novelty– this is the ground inside our love of the new and different.
• God loves growth and transformation;
• God sets us among the creatures, the earth, the seas, and the heavens, and it is in that system that our growth and transformation happens, including our spiritual growth. If we were not in this body, in this system, we could not grow towards the Light, nurtured and accompanied by (as Friends used to say) “adorable wisdom”;
• God loves the little things: Among all the great and astounding and heart-piercing things in this world, there are also as many or more small, simple, transitory creatures, objects, and events, and just as God is present in fullness no matter how small may seem his manifestation to us, so also the loving, appreciative wisdom of God is found in the mean and low as well as the high and impressive — and most of the essential processes of life are rooted in the little, the humdrum, the quickly ending things.
• God’s delight is in service and creation, and so Sophia is to be found at work there. This is the power of the Gardener of Eden, not the Commander of Hosts; Wisdom and Christ both teach us that this is where God’s heart resides.
• Transformation may require a loss, a dissolution of beloved forms, and the experience of crucifixion is part of the experience of transfiguration.
• Sophia teaches us about the play of creation.
The more I meditate on these things, the more challenging, scary, and exhilarating they seem. I exult at the realization that this is really the same message that the prophets taught, that the Light has taught, that the apostles of truth-force, and the eightfold path, have taught. I can see how the wisdom of God is indeed folly to the world, though it is the substance of the world as we know it — but not as humans want to see it. And Christians are called, like Jesus, to be fools in the world’s eyes, loving creation, loving diversity, loving the little things, loving service, called to accept the messages of Wisdom (which so much of our culture is designed to deny), and to walk more and more in the perfect freedom of the Light.  In that wisdom, this vision of the divine is understandable, and even unbearably sweet:

A vagrant, a destitute wanderer with dusty feet, finds his way down a new road. A homeless God, lost in the night, without papers, without identification, without even a number, a frail expendable exile lies down in desolation under the sweet stars of the world and entrusts Himself to sleep. (Merton, Hagia Sophia)

Teaching our children about climate change: Pt 1, Appendix– a climate science primer


Before I get on with the main focus of this series of posts,  I thought maybe it might be helpful to some readers if I set the stage with a short overview of what climate science is telling us.  I know this is partial!  It is meant to just help someone get oriented, and suggest where to go next. There are many excellent books and websites that provide information on the nature of human-induced climate change. At the end of this appendix, I list a few, with comments about each.  Add
1. Already by the 1890s, scientists had understood the physical mechanisms by which an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) would lead to climatic warming. The “insulating” effects of the small amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere are what keeps the earth’s climate hospitable for life as we know it. A surprisingly small increase, however, significantly slows earth’s loss of heat, so that the average temperature rises. The earth’s geography and its dynamic nature mean that this average temperature will be reflected in complicated ways, both directly and indirectly. At the beginning of the industrial revolution, which is also the beginning of significant and sustained use of fossil fuels, CO2 constituted about 280 parts per million (ppm) of the atmosphere. The present levels are just over 400 ppm.
2. There is a time-lag in the effects that come from thickening the atmospheric “blanket” with more CO2. The global temperature has risen perhaps as much as 1.3°C (2.3°F) above “pre-industrial levels” so far. (Note that the recent Paris Climate accord committed to limiting this increase to 1.5°C in order to avoid the worst predicted effects.)There have been exponential increases in CO2 emissions since that time, and because of the time-lag, we are therefore already committed to at least 1-2 degrees’ more warming, even if we ceased all CO2 emissions right now. It is very likely, given the slow pace of political and economic action, that we cannot avoid reaching 450 ppm, or even higher. This might commit us to an increase of at least 6° F (3° C) by the end of this century; the difference between our current climate and the last glacial period is about 9°F.
3. The 11 months ending August 2016 were each the hottest in the temperature record, and July 2016 was the hottest month ever recorded (not just the hottest July), and 2016 will be the hottest year. Over the last several decades, each 10 year period has been hotter than any decade in the prior weather record. The 1980s were hotter than the 1970s; the 1990s were hotter than the 1980s; the decade from 2000-2009 was hotter still. The current decade will be the hottest so far.
3. Because of how the weather system distributes heat, the Arctic is warming faster than anywhere else. While New England has warmed about 2°F in the past 40 years, the Arctic has warmed 8-10°F. Summer sea-ice in the Arctic is shrinking at a dramatic rate. As the ice has melted, the ground and sea, darker than ice, have absorbed more heat, thus speeding the melt. The melting permafrost has started releasing its vast reserves of frozen plant matter as CO2 and methane, another very powerful greenhouse gas. This is speeding the warming. If we do not dramatically decrease human-caused CO2 emissions, the natural emissions from these and other sources will soon increase so swiftly that they will become the most important factor in the CO2 imbalance, and human activity will not be able to prevent the earth’s tipping into a new, stable operating condition, dramatically warmer than anything humans have ever had to deal with.
4. Ocean levels are rising at increasingly rapid rates as the water warms, and as ice-caps melt (the West Antarctic ice-sheet has entered an irreversible melt, and Greenland is shedding hundreds of cubic kilometers of ice a year). The seas are absorbing CO2 and becoming more acidic at a rate that is astonishing researchers. Plants and animals are changing their ranges, or altering behavior, or going extinct, depending on conditions where they are, and their own physical constraints. Deserts are spreading in Africa and Asia. The great ice cap of central Asia is melting fast; this is serious because it supplies the Ganges and many other major rivers supplying water to China and south Asia. Similar effects on ice-fed watersheds are being felt already in South America and elsewhere.
5. Weather patterns are becoming more variable, with dry places mostly getting drier, and moist places (with important exceptions like Amazonia) getting wetter. Both precipitation events and droughts are becoming more extreme. Indeed, increased variability is a central expected outcome of global “warming,” because the increasing heat intensifies important weather processes like evaporation and cyclone formation. This is why the New York Times columnist, Thomas Friedman, no radical, likes to refer to “global weirding” instead of “global warming.”
6. There is increasing evidence from around the world about climate change impacts on organisms and ecosystems— species moving their ranges (where the human-altered landscape permits), becoming more or less abundant, evolving in response to the climate signal, changing their seasonal behavior (sometimes getting out of synch with other species they interact with)… the list goes on and on.  Since we have such an inadequate  understanding our fantastically complex and diverse biosphere, we are encountering many surprises and new puzzles.

7. While the most important variable under human control is CO2 emissions from carbon combustion and deforestation, there is at present no evidence that humans are responding at the necessary speed and scale to prevent dramatic and indeed catastrophic changes in our climate which will last for at least a thousand years, affecting food supplies, biological diversity, and many other “ecosystem functions” which we take for granted and which are essential to our human systems. The best scientific analysis suggests that the worst case can still be avoided, if we take concerted action within the next 5-10 years. Energy conservation is a top priority (lowering the use), as is total and prompt conversation from fossil fuels to non-emitting sources of electricity. Social change is required both to take these and other radical steps — and social and spiritual work will be required within all communities to adapt constructively and justly to the hotter, stormier and more uncertain world that is now emerging.

For further reading
Here are three blogs which are good sources of reliable information, and also serve as gateways to many other sources of information, both more technical and less. There is a lot of good science writing in the blogosphere; as with other subjects, of course, there is also a lot that is less good. Start here, and follow their links.
Skeptical science. Provides excellent scientific explanations, and up-to-date science news. Provides a very accessible and reliable discussion of “most used climate myths.”
Climate Progress. This is run by Joe Romm, a physicist with a long career in energy policy. Lots of current science news, and Romm and guest bloggers analyze new research findings as well as policy proposals, climate politics, and many other related topics.
The Guardian newspaper has a strong climate change section, including a regular blog by Dana Nuccitelli, who also blogs for Skeptical Science.
Also check out Biosphere and Climate, a website that focuses on the biosphere’s reaction to climate change in New England, with links to many other resources and organizations.
Again, the number of powerful and useful new books on different aspects of climate change is exploding. Here are some to get started.
Climate Central (2012) Global Weirdness: Severe Storms, Deadly Heat Waves, Relentless Drought, Rising Seas and the Weather of the Future. This new book is an excellent, step-by-step primer on the basic science and some of the possible solutions for climate change.
Hanson, James (2010) Storms of my grandchildren. Hanson was the first prominent climate scientist to sound the alarm about the reality of climate change. Very solid science, and interesting if controversial suggestions for policies that can minimize the potential harm of climate change.
Kolbert, Elizabeth (2006) Field notes from a catastrophe. Lucid, challenging, and engaging science writing about the science and impacts of climate change. Originally a series for the New Yorker. Though 10 years old, still a great introduction.
Macy, Joanna and Chris Johnstone (2012) Active hope: How to face the mess we’re in without going crazy. Not about science, but about coping. A powerful guide for engaging with “the Work That Reconnects” : Coming from gratitude, honoring our pain for the world, seeing with new eyes, and going forth. Very much in harmony with the spirit of my own concern. Draws on the authors’ years of “despair work” and other faces of the spirituality of healing wounded spirits.
McKibbin, Bill (2010) Eaarth: Making a life on a tough new planet. Speaks in concrete and passionate terms about our present situation, and the challenge of responding constructively to the changes that are our present and future reality.
Pope Francis (2015) Laudato Si’: On care for our common home. This encyclical is available in a lot of editions. You may not be interested in Catholic teaching but this is one of the best attempts to explicate the interweaving of morality, science, economics, and social justice. Thought provoking.
Seidl, Amy (2009) Early Spring. A moving and well-informed exploration by an ecologist living in Vermont of the way that climate change affects the life and culture of New England.
Seidel, Amy (2011) Finding Higher Ground. Another lucid book from Amy Seidl, this time on how human and non-human organisms can adapt to the new world that is taking shape.

Teaching our children about climate change- Part 1: Introduction

This is the first in a series of posts which will address climate change education for children (with some notes specifically for Quaker children). It may well burgeon into related topics — like, climate change education for adults.
These posts draw on my professional work: For 30 years, I’ve done research and curriculum development in science education, mostly for middle and high school ages (and their teachers). Since at least 1989, climate change has been a primary or secondary focus. Indeed, if (as the climate scientist Kevin Trenberth says), climate change is part of all weather now, it is just as true to say that climate change is now part of all science education.
This work has made me acquainted with research on the psychology and cognitive science of climate change and climate change communication, and the results are important enough that anyone who is involved with climate change education should make use of them.

Here is a rough table of contents for this series

Part 2:  Why is climate change hard to learn, and to teach?

Part 3:  Pre-school and elementary age— Coming to know and love the world  (with stories of earth care and discovery)

Part 4: Middle-school age, and the awakening social consciousness (and stories of witness)

Part 5: High school:  Envisioning and creating the future (with stories of prophetic movements for climate, peace, and justice, their methods and consequences)

Along the way, I will provide links or references to resources that I have found useful.  I will also be grateful for feedback and discussion!  It will be especially important and useful to hear from people about their experiences — either in learning or teaching about climate change.

I here note also that while climate change is the focus of these posts, there are important other challenges facing life on earth — in particular, the biodiversity crisis in all its forms, and what I will call the “pollution crisis,” referring to the increasing load of toxic waste that leaves few organisms unaffected.  Each of these crises  has a long history, but a different tempo of development;  for each of them there are many unanswered questions.

Before I start writing more about the specific content, a couple of further comments.

  1.  As I have thought about “learning” in our faith community, about any concern, I often recall this passage from the gospel of Luke (10:27):  Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul and with all thy strength and with all thy mind.  This is first and greatest commandment, and the second is like unto it:  Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
    This helps remind me that emotional work (heart), spiritual work (soul), intellectual work (mind), and changes in habit and behavior (strength) must all be held in consciousness and given their due as one follows the concern; and moreover, all these are surrounded by a social context and meaning (neighbor/self).  While it is useful sometimes to focus on one or another of these aspects, they are all facets of one jewel.  Therefore, my exposition (I hope) will address all these facets to some extent, and also suggest places where I think Quakerism has resources (in its practice and theology) that can be of use.
  2. Climate change is a spiritual challenge.  What does that mean?   I here make so bold as to quote a letter I wrote to New England Friends in 2012:
    A spiritual challenge is one which requires us to grow, because it is hard to integrate with our prior spiritual beliefs and habits.  It demands some definite change in the way we act on and interpret the world and our condition; and  it may require us to seek and use spiritual, intellectual, community, or physical resources to guide and feed the growth required.  If we engage with such a challenge whole-heartedly, we will know we have met it, for the time being, by the reward of peace or sense of inward reconciliation, by a sense of clarified understanding, by a removal of some fear and sense of insufficiency, and by a renewed understanding of and faithfulness to all of our most essential spiritual commitments.If we take seriously the news coming in from all parts of the planet about the gathering storm of changes,  the spiritual challenge is desolation.  There is grief, and alarm, at the loss of much that is beautiful and valuable in itself, and at the consequent increase of suffering that will accrue to our ever-more-numerous human family. The changes we have set in motion will take decades to fully unfold, and it will be centuries before a new equilibrium is reached.  At this point, even if dramatic measures are taken in the next 5 years, we will only be able to somewhat soften the blows that are coming.  The temptations to self-preservation at all costs, to competition and exclusiveness, will only rise, because these are the most natural responses to crises that are already under way, and indeed accelerating.   Moreover, our political systems by and large have developed in such a way that they are now best suited to serve a few powerful interests, rather than the common good.Beyond the invitation to anger and despair that the science news brings daily, I have therefore found myself losing illusions that, I realize, have been sources of hope, but which cannot any longer be relied upon. Some of my hope has been placed in enforcing social structures, such as government or other political agencies.  It is increasingly likely that the major social structures will not respond in time to prevent protracted climate disruption.  Some of my hope has been wedded to the idea of progress and reform. God’s will is peace and justice, abundance, agape, and creation — but I no longer see how this translates to “progress” as Americans and optimists have usually meant it. Finally, I have placed stock in knowing, being able to comprehend not only my personal dilemmas, but also the trends in which I am embedded.  And I must admit that the hope that I have in knowing really reflects my deep desire to have control over my life, for my well-being and that of those I love.We have not confronted the spiritual challenges of climate change until we recognize that some of our grounds for hopefulness are false, and that we need again to ask where the Holy Spirit and the Gospel story (including its later, Quaker chapters in some of which we are appearing right now), can be found in the midst of it all.  At such a time, indeed, we are challenged to bring our grief and our need before the Living God. Many Friends [and others] have experienced surprising grace when driven to such an extremity, seeing that many of their props and resources were unreliable  —”When all my hopes in them and in all men were gone, so that I had nothing outwardly to help me, nor could I tell what to do…”  We cannot tell God what to do, but we can know some things about how God moves among us.

Yearly Meeting #4: All testimonies reinforce each other

“If it happens that it cannot be that one thing be reconciled with another, that is a certain sign for you that it is not from God.” Meister Ekhart.

New England Yearly Meeting 2016 has made two strong declarations, on race and on climate, which I think in their scope and force amount to testimonies. What each of them will look like, in my life (or yours), or in the life of meetings, remains to be seen. Sitting among Friends, though, I had a powerful sense that this dual emergence gives promise of real renewal of Quaker faithfulness — if we can understand the unity of the spiritual work that will be necessary to make each of these testimonies part of our reality.

My own first tendency, when I think of this challenge, is to reach for thematic connections,or synergies, between climate change and racial justice.  These are not far to seek, and they are important, but if I stay at that level I will avoid the spiritual work and promise that are being offered to me and to us all in these times

This is because the way we come to bear a testimony — in a way that is consistent with our spiritual commitments — is by personal change:  spiritual, emotional, intellectual, and practical.  Coming to bear a testimony in a way that attunes all these 4 levels is a way to enlarge our capacity, increase our integrity as individuals, and as a people.  A testimony is both about a way of acting, and a way of being.  Authentic action arises from an inward condition that is not in contradiction with the act (word or deed).  Right action, indeed, can come before the inward change has matured enough to be stable, but a real unity between inward and outward conveys truth, and carries truth’s force.

It appears to me, too, that we can’t dictate in what order heart, soul, strength, and mind will be transformed in a testimony-bearer. There is much wisdom in the Quaker view that convincement (whatever triggers it) opens the way to the more thorough, intricate process of conversion and the renewal of mind, in which the power of God and the individual soul collaborate.

To get more practical:  In seeking to understand and grow in my climate witness, I have encountered (more than once) grief, fear, and anger.  I have grappled with despair sometimes — and that reasonable temptation is always present.  I also have found paths forward, to creative action and increased understanding and attentiveness.  I have felt convicted of ignorance of the facts of the case, of history and its meanings for myself and society, so that I have been possessed, at times, by an intense need to just know more— know more than I know how to make use of.

I have been frustrated that people — and Friends — were not responding in a way proportionate to the crisis.  I have been frustrated by my lack of energy, ingenuity, or capacity to see a path forward for us, and articulate it effectively— because in the end, my faithfulness needs yours, too.

I have wanted “revolution without tarrying for any,” and raged that the powerful, the comfortable, the distracted, just do not (will not) see.

I have struggled over and over to feel how to bring all this to the root and ground of love, Who is also Truth, Judgment, and Wisdom, so that conviction and healing come together.

No matter which testimony you are seized by, or you find laid upon you most urgently, all are part of our proclamation, and living into any one presents the same challenges to the individual. At this level, we can communicate with each other about how Truth prospers for each of us in our journey, and working at this level can build unity and unified power in us as gathered people — can help us feel ourselves gathered — far more than an intellectual description of how “your” concern is reinforced by “mine” —  rightly held, they are all part of the one concern, the one motion of love.

I am convinced that we are called to hold each other’s experiments with truth in love, and this means actively to find ways — from time to time — to stop and share our experience in the birthing of our new selves,  the work, pain, and joy of the transformation that our witness is requiring of us (often to our surprise). We need to do this not only in grateful retrospect, when we’ve achieved something, or figured it out, but also in process — when the pain or burden is heavy and not yet resolved: and yet also in thankfulness because we feel that we have been brought into our dilemma by a motion of love, that leads us in paths we do not know.

Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which works all in all.  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every one to profit with…” (I Cor 12)

Yearly Meeting #4: Making testimonies and opening doors

As noted in my last post, the recent gathering of New England  Yearly Meeting adopted two important minutes, on racism and on climate change. (Final minutes only slowly appearing).

Given their histories, these seem to me to be declarations of testimonies by New England Friends.  As a short-hand description, a testimony identifies something that we believe should be characteristic of all practicing Friends in the Yearly Meeting.  This is a big deal, and also represents an important spiritual opportunity for individuals and for meetings.

Why is it a big deal? Well, a testimony in Quakerspeak is different from a concern or leading, which is generally an individual development.  A testimony represents a fundamental discovery about the nature of divine-human relations, which indelibly marks Quaker faith and practice.

Despite a recent tendency to over-simplify (think SPICE), Friends have made a lot of testimonies, “large” and “small” — on oaths, participation in war, the nature of worship, marriage, gambling, ministry, the equality of the sexes, and so on.  These are claims about what Truthful living entails.

Even when we have separated, we have tried to articulate how the new practices of our particular Quaker fragment are somehow consistent with the previous enactments of various testimonies — Think of debates about what it means to be “plain,” or to uphold the Quaker testimonies on worship and the free ministry, or the several successive Quaker orthodoxies about the use of “beverage alcohol. ”

The point is, every Quaker needs to position him/herself in relation to the testimonies, and even in circles where all the theological or doctrinal content has been abandoned, and Quaker identity rests solely on “praxis,” the testimonies one way or another are a major proportion of the praxis that defines one as Quaker.   Most of us are in process, with regard to our realization of particular testimonies, but we recognize that they are in some sense an irreducible part of our agenda for growth as Friends.

The two recent statements by the Yearly Meeting have some important hallmarks of testimonies. Perhaps most important, they are top-down statements of intent or wishful thinking, as minutes, alas, so often are.  This is because they have come to the Yearly Meeting, and been adopted (accompanied by substantive controversy) because many Friends, and many meetings, over a number of years, have been led by a sense of Truth at the heart of these matters, and struggled with them alone and together.  The persistence, or insistence, with which they have seized us is evidence of Life at work (even if we have much to do, to separate that Life from fad, custom, culture, etc.).

Second, they have life because when Friends engage with them, they are challenged, uncomfortable; and recognize that if they stay engaged with them, this engagement will change them in significant ways — spiritually, intellectually, emotionally, and practically.

Third, each of them represents a path of growth:  one may start with little things, yet cannot well come to the end of them, as further understanding — and further challenge — become evidence the longer one tries to live the testimony.

Finally, all testimonies (and there they overlap with individual concerns held over time) have the potential for integration — for being for you or me a path towards a fuller faithfulness and understanding of the whole Quaker message, and the spiritual processes involved in being transformed, by the renewing of our mind, so that we bring the whole of our lives under the ordering of the Holy Spirit, as the advice has it.

I will return to this last point in my next post, to explore what I see as one great opportunity  presented by these actions of the Yearly Meeting — two separate actions, but expressions of the One Lord of Life.


Yearly Meeting #3: Love and judgment

In his bible-half-hours at New England Yearly Meeting this year, Doug Gwyn often reflected on the role of “crisis” in early Quaker thought and experience, and pointed out that this word in the Greek original, krisis, means “judgment,” the weighing of a case — and the sense of “decisive turning point” derives from this. Mostly his expositions showed Friends (or biblical figures) as they responded (and were tested by) such moments of decision. I was, however, thinking about the other meaning, as we all lived through the exercises of Yearly Meeting. There was much food for reflection.

As reported in a “talking points” message from the clerk, one item of business raised tensions on the floor, as we were asked to continue to work to understand and address the nature and effects of white privilege among us.

Recognizing the urgency of work for racial justice and the ways in which white supremacy affects and is present in our Quaker faith communities, in the coming months the Yearly Meeting will explore concrete steps New England Friends can take to help us more fully realize God’s vision of the Beloved Community… We see that the work of change and recovery from the spiritual disease of systemic racism needs to happen in each of our hearts, within our organizational structures, and in each of our local meetings. 


The language of the report and minute that came before us stimulated some pained or even angry reactions and counter-reactions, and there was a lot of pain, shock, and disappointment as we saw and heard how much work in this area remains before us.
Now, there are few things more corrosive to the unity and health of a community than “the judging mind,” that compares and makes distinctions in order to censure and exert control. The evils of this judgmentalism are well known — but there is plenty of evidence that it’s a very common impulse. Jesus warns “Judge not, lest ye be judged.”  Paul in Romans eloquently argues that if the members of the church are to be in harmony with the Holy Spirit, they must be tender with each other on matters of conscience, as each one seeks to understand what faithfulness calls for from them at their stage of spiritual growth.  George Fox frequently addresses this human propensity in his epistles (and therefore saw the need for the advice!).  For example, from Epistle 217:

All you that are turned unto this living Way by the Power of the mighty God of heaven and earth, live in Peace one with another and Unity. Do not judge one another for that eats and wears out the good, begets the enmity and hinders growth in Truth.

But that word Truth is a problem:  if there is such a thing, which has such characteristic results in lives attuned to it that we can indeed claim to be following a Way —  how can we avoid judgment?  Yet how can we be loving and still judge?

Love can be construed as excluding judgment, and we often, I think, fall into the idea that if we are to be loving, we must hold that differences must all be treated, well, indifferently, and uncritically (if you will pardon the term).  Yet the metaphor of “light” includes seeing shadows:   this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. (John 3:19)

But what kind of standard is the Light?  It is not a rule, but a living experience — a dynamic presence that delights to do no evil, nor to revenge any wrong, but delights to endure all things, in hope to enjoy its own in the end.  Its hope is to outlive all wrath and contention, and to weary out all exaltation and cruelty, or whatever is of a nature contrary to itself.

If my love is not of this sort, so that difference, or the experience of being judged by others, or the inward prick of a wounded conscience, rob me of my centeredness in the Pure, I  have yet some ways to go to live in the true Light which is love:

then a fire kindles among you, and you have torment, and your love leaves you; which shows your love is not of God, which loves judgment, where mercy rejoices, whose love has not torment nor fear.  (James Nayler, “Epistle concerning love and judgment” Works iii:750-753). 

In that Light, the first challenge is to see oneself in the things that are eternal, to come out of illusion to a sense of establishment and orientation towards the “pure principle” that Woolman wrote is placed in the human heart, and is to be relied upon as a destination towards unity and freedom.   The journey out of this illusion, towards that establishment, involves an experience of judgment, in which one learns the difference between the living seed and the chaff.  This is not comfortable — indeed it can be costly, and the price needs to be paid more than once!

But at the times when one is established in the knowledge of love, and a sense of some freedom in the Spirit, differences between me and thee are cast in a new light, and the predominant concern is agape, in which judgment is purified of self-serving and fear.   With the beam removed from our own eyes, so that we can bear to see our selves in Truth, we can then be enabled to accept the Witness in another, reach to it in another, and feel where growth can happen, or is inhibited.  As William Dewsbury wrote to Judge Thomas Fell:

Friend, that which calls for purity in thee is dear to me, and with it I suffer, which often secretly groans in thee for deliverance.  And whilst thou lend thy ear to the pure counsel of the holy Seed, thou art almost persuaded to lay thy crown in the dust at the feet of Christ… and to follow him daily in the cross… To the pure light of Christ in thy conscience I speak, which will witness me.

At Yearly Meeting, all this, I think, was in evidence:  Light revealing truth, the Shadow in us reacting with un-comprehension, disbelief, pain;  a movement towards the healing judgment that love makes possible, and indeed demands.  The story is still unfinished, and the work that remains is daunting, but I was reminded that in the Light love=truth=judgment.  KRISIS.

Wherefore, O friends, turn in, turn in, I beseech you! Where is the poison, there is the antidote; there you want Christ, and there you must find him; and blessed be God, there you may find him. Seek and you shall find, I testify for God. (Penn:  Rise and Progress)

Yearly Meeting #2: Encounter with the suffering seed

Over and over, throughout the week, the following kept returning to me, and I am still not free of it.  In case it may be of service, here it is:

Oh my people, what have I done to you?  Or wherein have I wearied you?  Testify against me!

I have equipped you to see my beauty and feel my presence: I teach you of myself in the beautiful and bountiful earth.  I show myself also in the more intimate wonders of your bodies and your relations. You know love and compassion, and the joy of creativity, the doing and the making, the seeking and discovery.

To help you grow in wisdom, in a world that holds pain, disease, and confusion as well as all the gracious blessings of your lives, I have not ceased to teach you, in language you can hear— in the histories of liberation, in the lives of those who’ve found my light and lived in their measure. My witness has been made through a few in every age and land.  My Torah and  my prophets, too, I offered, and even took upon myself to live a human life, from humble birth through to shameful death, to show how low one has to come to see and accept the whole mystery of life.

You, my friends,  can feel the pain of others, you yearn and work to free your sisters and brothers from fear and oppression, in order that they can share in the promises and fragile blessings of human life. I love the faithfulness you’ve been able to live, and your longing to live more.

In the stillness of my Presence, in the moment of prophetic sight, you can sense, dimly or with terrible clarity, how I, the Seed of life, am kept down in others, and how this burdened Seed is prevented from growing into a comely, fruitful plant, whose leaves are for healing and for joy.

But, Oh my friends, now you are reminded that I am also still oppressed in each of you.  I am groaning within you, and striving to be freed, to have the weight taken off.  You can feel it, feel me calling you again to the tenderness that comes from truth — the truth of my being, and the truth of your condition.   You can see how I, Lord and servant, am oppressed and scorned in others, but my suffering and captivity in your selves dims your sight, dulls your soul’s sight, and hinders your hand from the works of compassion you long to take up passionately.

But I, the Seed Immanuel, am still singing my redemption song.  If not, my Light would not have brought you once again this week to the narrow passage towards more abundant life, brought you to feel again the opening that comes by way of repentance.

You have been led to sit down by the narrow way, and your hearts are smarting with the wounds you’ve taken in the approach to it. In your weariness, though, and with a surprising hint of joy, you can see through to works of reconciliation and creaton.  Feed on that joy as it comes to you, bearing fruit in its right season!

But do not cease sitting at the narrow place.  Keep close always to the gate that bits and presses you to tenderness, keep it present with you, as my Rock followed Moses in Israel’s wanderings.  I have told you in so many ways, this is how I live, I the suffering servant, the Lord of life.  I am free and impossibly wide, but dwell also in the heart of suffering, imprisoned with all my children, and within them, even the least; even in you. Rejoice to accompany me there, in the paradox, as I never cease from accompanying you.


Yearly Meeting 2016, #1 (ToC)

Like many others, I left our yearly meeting exhausted and grateful. I have heard repeated inward warnings not to let the flow of days and works sweep away all the lessons and questions from this gathering.  I remember Anne Wilson’s warning to the young, unawakened Samuel Bownas: “Thou comest to meeting as thou went from it the last time, and goest from it as thou came to it, but art no better for thy coming; what wilt thou do in the end?”  I’d like not to deserve the same rebuke!

There  will follow at least three posts:

  1. Encounter with the suffering seed
  2. Love and judgment
  3. The unity of gifts:  White privilege/anti-racism and our climate testimony


Building our house in the storm: A letter to New England Friends, Aug.6, 2016

Dear Friends,

We are gathering in Vermont to worship, work, and spend time in companionship.  Yearly Meeting can be such a blessed time for inquiry, growth, and consolation!  In the quiet this morning, I find myself filled with gratitude because of the opportunities we have.

We will say many things about the needs of the world, and the calling we feel to respond, and the leadings we are following, and the evidence that some of us see that we are following our Guide, and the burdens we bear in our journeys.

Surely we can say that God is at work among us, and we are trying, at least, to walk as children of the Light.   In my gratitude this morning, however, one question comes with urgency:  Are we taking care that our meetings are in health?  Are we being faithful to the gifts that are given, to help us all live close to the Wellspring of unity and our pure testimony, not of this concern or that, this “practice” or that, but the essential root, our reason for being a people at all?

All our outward doing, if it is witness — what is it a witness to?  The Quaker claim is that acts of faithfulness speak of the inward life out of which they come.  Recall the time when John Woolman sought to understand the origins of his concern to visit the Indians:

Twelfth of sixth month being the first of the week and a rainy day, we continued in our tent, and I was led to think on the nature of the exercise which hath attended me. Love was the first motion, and thence a concern arose to spend some time with the Indians, that I might feel and understand their life and the spirit they live in, if haply I might receive some instruction from them, or they might be in any degree helped forward by my following the leadings of truth among them.  

If we don’t take the time to  inquire  where our doing comes from, to understand how my concern and your concern are rooted in the gospel life, then we can forget the grounds of our  unity in the Spirit.

We may find substitutes for that dear unity — each with the people whose language and concerns feel most comfortable and exciting— but “issues loyalty” can become a reason to judge each other, a root of division.

My concern this morning is  especially for those who are called to the work of ministry in all its many forms, whose purpose is to build up the community as a vessel of the divine life — in public worship or in private, in prayer or presence, in teaching or in preaching.

The work of the ministry, in all its forms, starts with listening, and waiting to feel where the unity dwells, and what the connections are between some present focus of concern and the whole story we as a people are acting out.

All the issues of our times are urgent, yes, but it is just as urgent that we take care that our worship and our witness are truly what we claim them to be, motions of the Spirit of Love.  This has never happened except when some people (many!) have accepted their share of this work, and taken concrete steps to serve, and to grow in the service.  What is called for from you, Friend?

Haggai was a prophet during the time of Israel’s return from exile, and he was the vehicle for an urgent call, which I feel this morning is renewed to us:

These people say, ‘The time has not yet come to rebuild the Lord’s house.’” Then the word of the Lord came through the prophet Haggai:  “Is it a time for you yourselves to be living in your paneled houses, while this house remains a ruin?”Now this is what the Lord Almighty says: “Give careful thought to your ways. You have planted much, but harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it…. This is what the Lord Almighty says: “Give careful thought to your ways. Go up into the mountains and bring down timber and build my house, so that I may take pleasure in it and be honored,” says the Lord.  “You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little. What you brought home, I blew away. Why?” declares the Lord Almighty. “Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house.”

Let’s be about the building!  I think it starts with a renewal of our praying, which is the workshop of all ministry:

Wait until we feel we are at the Center, and then in that confidence, ask:  Am I just worshipping myself, or my longings and needs?  We may feel convicted then, but there comes with the judgment the gift of freedom, and an opening to a clearer view of the true Center.  There we can wait in God’s patience and compassion until all our certainties are overturned, and continue seeking until the Love comes which can be felt when certainties are gone, and our notions are taken from us, and we have felt the poverty of our own spirits. Then the blessing comes.

It is in that poverty that we can accept the gift of the common life, the unity that Jesus testified to and prayed for,  just before Gethsemane and the Cross, and renewed again and again thereafter.  You have tasted it, maybe!   Then you know what Paul meant when he wrote (1Cor 2:16): “But we have the mind of Christ.”

Watchfulness and unity: A letter from William Dewsbury

From Newgate Prison the 5th day of the 9th month, 1661.
“This was writ and directed to several Friends in Bristol.”

Dear Brethren,
Great is the charge committed to you, as to your watchfulness over your own hearts, and the great people amongst whom you are placed; Oh, you brethren, walk in the unity in the lifeof God, it will be the great comfort of them chosen jewels of God in that place; the strength of the life and love of God will wait to cover you, it will flow through you in the unity as a river, to water the garden of God, and cause it to grow full of the fruit of the Spirit, which is love, joy, goodness, peace against which there is no law; so shall your names be honorable in Israel, and many shall bless the name of the Lord for your watchfulness, meekness, and lowliness, and tender love in the power of God, to build the decayed walls of Sion and repair her desolate places, to the rejoycings of all that love the Lord God.
His powerful presence be with you and bind you up as one in his life in all your undertakings for the comfort of Sion; and the blessing of the almighty God be with you, and rest upon you forever.
Your brother,